Useful Formulas
Find Motor Pulley Diameter
You can use just the diameters, but using pitch diameters is more accurate.
Free air if volumetric efficiency (%) and piston displacement are known
Free Air = piston displacement X eff. (%)
To find cubic feet of either compressed air or free air
cu.ft. comp. air X (psig + 14.7) = cu.ft. free air X 14.7
 cu.ft. comp. air [ Cubic Feet of Compressed Air ]
 cu.ft. free air [ Cubic Feet of Free Air ]
To convert gallons (tank size) to cubic feet
cu.ft. = gallons X .134
Cubic Feet of free air required to raise a receiver from some pressure to a greater pressure
If starting from "0" pressure, put "0" in for beginning psi
To Check Operation of Compressor With a Tank
Time how long it takes to pump up the tank from "0" psi to some greater pressure (normal cut off psi)
Calculate the free air using the method above.
Put the time in the following:
Air Cylinders
Total force in lbs. of air cylinder = area of the cylinder diameter (in²) x psi gauge pressure
CFM of Free Air req'd to Operate Air Cylinder (single acting)
= vol. of cyl. (in cu. ft.) x cycles per minute x (gauge psi + 14.7)/14.7
For double acting air cylinder multiple by 2
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